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Lynmouth is a village in DevonEngland, on the northern edge of Exmoor. The village straddles the confluence of the West Lyn and East Lyn rivers, in a gorge feet m below Lyntonwhich was the only place to expand to once Lynmouth became as built-up as possible. The villages are connected by the Lynton and Lynmouth Cliff Railwaywhich works two cable-connected cars by gravity, using water tanks.
The two villages are a civil parish governed by Lynton and Lynmouth Town Council. The parish boundaries extend southwards from the coast, and include hamlets such as Barbrook and small moorland settlements such as East Ilkerton, West Ilkerton and Shallowford. Lynmouth was described by Thomas Gainsboroughwho honeymooned there with his bride Margaret Burr, as "the most delightful place for a landscape painter this country can boast".
Shelley worked on political pamphlets and on the poem " Queen Mab ". He was delighted with the village. A lifeboat station was established in Lynmouth on 20 Januaryfive months after the sailing vessel Home was wrecked nearby. The lifeboat was kept in a shed on the beach, until a purpose-built boat house was built at the harbour.
This was rebuilt in and enlarged in — It was closed at the end of because other stations in the area could provide cover with their newer motor lifeboats. The boat house was then used as a club, but was washed away in the flood of 15 August It has since been rebuilt, and now includes a public shelter. At pm on 12 Januarythe 1, ton three-masted ship Forrest Hallcarrying thirteen crew and five apprentices, was in trouble off Porlock Weir on the north Somerset coast, owing to a severe gale that had been blowing all day. She had been under tow, but the tow rope had broken.
She was dragging her anchor and had lost her steering gear. The ship's destruction was probable. The alarm was raised for the Louisathe Lynmouth lifeboat, to be launched to assist. However, launching was impossible because of the terrible weather.
Jack Crocombe, the coxswain of the Louisaproposed to take the boat by road to Porlock's sheltered harbour, 13 miles 21 km around the coast, and launch it from there. The boat plus its carriage weighed about 10 tons, and transporting it would not be easy. Six of the men were sent ahead with picks and shovels to widen the road.
The highest point is 1, feet m above sea level. After they had crossed the 15 miles 24 km of wild Exmoor paths, they had to descend the dangerous Porlock Hillwith horses and men pulling ropes to stall the descent. During this, they had to demolish part of a garden wall and fell a large tree to make a way. The lifeboat reached Porlock Weir at am, and was launched. Although cold, wet, hungry and exhausted, the crew rowed for over an hour in heavy seas to reach the stricken Forrest Hall and rescue the thirteen men and five apprentices with no casualties.
However, four of the horses employed died of exhaustion.
The Forrest Hall was towed into BarryWales. The feat was immortalised in C Walter Hodges' children's historical novel The Overland Launchand was re-enacted years after the event, in daylight, on today's much better ro.
On 15 and 16 Augusta storm of tropical intensity broke over South West Englanddepositing millimetres 9. It is thought that a cold front scooped up a thunderstormand the orographic effect worsened the storm. Debris-laden floodwaters cascaded down the northern escarpment of the moor, converging upon the village of Lynmouth.
In particular, in the upper West Lyn valley, a dam was formed by fallen trees and other debris; this in due course gave way, sending a huge wave of water and debris down that river. The River Lyn through the town had been culverted in order to gain land for business premises; this culvert soon choked with flood debris, and the river flowed through the town.
Much of the debris was boulders and trees. Overnight, over buildings were destroyed or seriously damaged along with 28 of the 31 bridges, and 38 cars were washed out to sea. In total, 34 people died and a further were made homeless. Similar events had been recorded at Lynmouth in and After the disaster, the village was rebuilt, including diverting the river around the village.
A conspiracy theory has circulated that the flood was caused by secret cloud seeding experiments conducted by the RAF. The small group of houses on the bank of the East Lyn River called Middleham, between Lynmouth and Watersmeet, was destroyed and never rebuilt. Today, a memorial garden stands on the site. A memorial hall dedicated to the disaster is on the front toward the harbour; it contains photographs, newspaper reports and a scale model of the village, showing how it looked before the flood.
A further photo and information display is found in St John the Baptist parish church. In her poem LinmouthLetitia Elizabeth Landon describes the beauties of rural nature but ends with the words: 'Aye beautiful the dreaming brought By valleys and green fields; But deeper feeling, higher thought, Is what the city yields. Another of her poems, on a different vein, is Valley of Linmouth, North Devon. The book brings together two stories, that of child evacuees during the Second World War and that of the flood disaster that devastated Lynmouth.
Suzanne Goldring's novel The Girl Without a Name features a woman who disappears during the Lynmouth flood while on holiday with her married lover. Village in Devon, England. Not to be confused with Lynemouth. Human settlement in England. North Devon. South West. Main article: Lynmouth Lifeboat Station.
Main article: Lynmouth Flood. Linmouth, a poem by L. Bristol Post.
Retrieved 20 July Young Bysshe. Penguin Books. Devon's Lifeboat Heritage. Chacewater: Twelvehe Press. ISBN BBC News. Retrieved 14 June The Guardian. Retrieved 10 November Archived from the original on 19 July Retrieved 9 April The Girl Without a Name.
Towns, villages and most populous hamlets in North Devon. Weather events in the United Kingdom. Widecombe-in-the-Moor United Kingdom Heat waves Droughts. Great Smog of Winter Authority control. United States. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
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Wikimedia Commons. Lynmouth village. Lynmouth Location within Devon. Devon and Cornwall. Devon and Somerset. South Western. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Linmouth, a poem by L. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Lynton and Lynmouth. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lynmouth.Looking for married in Barbrook
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